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Furniture Making Methods Through Time


Archaeological evidence show that furniture has been made thousands of years ago and during the millennia, the furniture making methods changed a lot, although the most dramatic change took place over the last 150 years. In addition to the furniture making methods, the furniture itself went through changes over time as well.

The first pieces of furniture were without a doubt made for practical purposes but archaeological finds in ancient Egypt, the Middle East and many other parts of the world reveal that woodworkers paid a lot of attention to design and visual appeal as early as 3,000 years ago. Of course, the finest and most elaborate pieces of furniture were reserved for the highest classes of society, while the majority of population owned simple and unimpressive pieces of furniture. Over time, the designs became more and more sophisticated until distinct styles were developed such as white painted furniture in the early modern history. The furniture making methods, on the other hand, remained mostly unchanged until the 19th century. Each piece of furniture was handcrafted by a single person by using hand tools exclusively.

Furniture making methods started to change rapidly after the Industrial Revolution followed by the age of science and inventions. Introduction of assembly lines and industrialization of just about all manufacturing processes did not pass unnoticed by furniture manufacturing. From the beginning of the 20th century and especially after the mid-20th century, furniture making methods became more and more automated, while most of the work was gradually taken over by the machines resulting in mass production which allowed furniture to become more accessible to wider population. Many office companies use high quality fitted furniture to produce stunning looks.


Today’s furniture and stairs market is dominated by industrially produced furniture and contemporary staircases which are available in countless styles, designs, colours, shapes and materials. High quality is important and James Steel Stair Designs have consistent quality control at all stages. Despite that in the recent years there seems to be an increased interest in antique furniture including traditionally made furniture and even teak garden furniture. Both are closely associated with luxury and prestige due to the fact that they are hand made and unique because the traditional furniture making methods do not allow production of hundreds or even thousands of identical pieces of furniture like modern furniture manufacturing methods. But on the other hand, the traditional and antique furniture never truly lost their appeal due to the fact that many pieces are artworks rather than just beautiful pieces of furniture.

In addition to the growing trend towards the traditional furniture, the western market recently also saw the introduction of imported furniture and wooden engraved personalised gifts for men which rivals domestic furniture industry by extremely low prices which, however, are not only achieved through cheaper labour force. Many pieces of this furniture look astonishingly good considering their low cost but the manufacturers of cheap imported furniture use poor quality materials and do not have as high quality manufacturing standards as western furniture industry. As a result, this furniture typically does not last long and requires frequent replacements. Many people are tempted by imported furniture due to its low cost although it is important to mention that not all types of imported furniture are the same and much less cheap. In contrary to Chinese furniture, Italian and French furniture for instance are considered prestigious and are typically more expensive than pieces of furniture produced by domestic furniture companies.